I left home young. I return old; Speaking as then, but with hair grown thin;. And My Children, meeting me, do not know me. They smile and say: "Stranger, where do you come from?". This poem is well written, telling the wandering away for many years, back home when the children do not know the kind of hometown of embarrassment, triggered countless wandering hearts deep resonance, so future generations continue to recite.
In September 1987, when I was 19 years old, I was admitted to a provincial technical secondary school and left the He Luo family that gave birth to me and raised me.At the beginning of 1990, I was assigned to Honggu District.In the winter of 1991, I happened to have the opportunity to move my parents and siblings to Honggu District.My yard was sold to someone else, and the opportunity to go to my hometown is getting less and less.It really became "children who don't know each other, laugh and ask where the guests come from".
Chinese likes to find roots, and my roots are in Ho Luo's house.In the memories passed down orally from generation to generation, my ancestors were from Yingtianfu (Nanjing), and moved to Yongdengliancheng during the Hongwu period of the Ming Dynasty.The genealogy of the Sanfang people of the He family, written in the fifth year of the Guangxu reign of the Great Qing Dynasty (1899), says that the ancestors of the He family originally lived in Xiaoqiao Lane, Yingtianfu (Nanjing), and because of "the guilt of escaping the clan, fighting for the great righteousness of disaster relief and compassion, according to the Hongren who was in danger and helping the upheaval, he fled to Lianyi with one heart and one mind.""Those who break away from the clan should be Liancheng I Lu Tusi Tu Huan, or his brother Tu Chi.That is to say, the He family migrated to Yongdenglian City with Lu Tusi.According to the theory that the originator of the three-room family tree of the He family is Polowen and has lived in Nanjing Xiaoqiao Alley for generations, I boldly speculate that the ancestor of the He family should be a Mongolian who moved from the northern grassland to Nanjing with the Mongolian iron hoof, and lived in Xiaoqiao Lane in Nanjing.When the Yuan Dynasty fell and the Ming Dynasty was established, the Mongols in Kyoto were aliens who were not welcomed by the Ming government, and their living space was worrying.When the brothers of Tuhuan and Chichi, who were also Mongols, surrendered to the Ming Dynasty and wanted to be resettled in Liancheng in the northwest, Zushang Poloon seized the opportunity and followed Tuohuan to the northwest.The originator Poloon should have a certain military talent, and Tusi named a group of native soldiers after him as the "Polo Army", and the He Luo clan moved from Liancheng to Zhule District, and the military institution "Polo Army" also moved to Minle He Luo's house.
The family tree of He's three-room family says that He originally lived at the mouth of Shuimogou in Liancheng, and migrated to the He Luo family in Shuimogou during the Qianlong period.According to the old man, the ancestors of He Luo lived in the ancient city of Liancheng under Xiangtang Mountain, where Lu Tusi tomb Ying was located, because Tusi took a fancy to the house of He and Luo's ancestors to build a temple, so he ordered them to move to Guanchuan in Shuimogou, which was later my hometown He Luo's family.At that time, most of the rivers and flats in the Minle area were the official land of Lutuji, and a few were the incense land of Todaiji temples.The natives under the jurisdiction of the Tusi can cultivate the official land of the Tusi and pay the land rent according to the prescribed proportion, and our He Luo family has planted the official land of the Tusi, and has successively reclaimed some hillside land in Hejiagou, Dagou, and Xiaogou around Ho Luo's house.These lands are to be fed and paid.According to Yang Shande, a teacher who has studied the culture of Lutusi for a long time, the native people and native soldiers pleaded to cultivate the land belonging to the Tusi and lose military food.The land cultivated is called "military land", and where there is military land, the local people carry out a military establishment and organize it into ten banners, which are called the upper five banners and the lower five banners at the end of the Qing Dynasty.During the Republic of China, the Five Banners were called the head, two, three, four, and half-staff, which were roughly in Liancheng, Minle Township, and Tongyuan Town in present-day Yongdeng County; The Lower Five Banners are generally in Wushengyi Town, Longquan Town, Hongcheng Town, Qishan Township, Honggu District, Haishiwan Town, Honggu Town, Huazhuang Town, Ping'an Town, Honggu District, etc.Each of the upper five flags and the lower five flags has a member of the "chief manager".The villages with the larger five banners of Shangxia set up "township training", named after the village, such as Shangshan Township Lian, Ci'ergou Township Lian, He Luo Hometown Lian, Fat Bula Gap Township Lian, Dashagou Township Lian, and so on.Under the township training, there are several "armies", each with its own name, such as the five surnamed Baojun, Liang Daxing Army, Nineteen Family Baojun, Lu surnamed Baojun, Polo Army, Niuke Army, Shan Yao Baojun, and so on.Several "households" under the military.
According to Teacher Yang Shande, He Luo's official estate should be the location of He Luo's hometown Lian and Polo Army.
The name Solo is a Mongolian name, which concludes that the surnames He Luojia He and Luo are the same as Liancheng Lutusi, and were given by their ancestors in the process of Sinicization of the Mongols.
During the period of Guangxu in Qing dynasty, the chieftain of Lu issued the land certificate to he faxi and others of he Luo family. The Heros only had to turn over their food and money to the Boro Army, not to Liancheng County, 30 miles away. Yang Shande said that there were a number of “Armies” in Rusi's training area, each of which was well-known and named flexibly by place names, People's names, clan names, and so on. Such as five Baojun, Liang Daxing Army, nineteen Baojun, Lu Baojun, Boro Army, Niuke Army, single contract Baojun and so on. A number of“Households” under the army. The families of the same army, under the army to help the concentration of food, and then by the army on time to complete the operation, the five banners Yunliancheng camp, under the five banners Yunzhuang Langying. Heluo family to help the food transport to forty miles away Lu chieftain yamen location of Liancheng Camp.
He, Robben is a family, not only on the mouth, but also has infiltrated into the bones of the two he luo people. For hundreds of years, the two families never intermarried and had strict seniority. For example, the nephew of the Ho family was called uncle when he met his uncle's contemporaries, and uncle when he met Hoffmann-la Roche's contemporaries.
Ancient Science and technology is not developed, the ancients have to pray for the gods of the custom, every house is for God, called for Home God, Holo family is no exception. Ho's second and third bedrooms are different from Hoffmann-La Roche's and each has its own temple. It is said that in those days, the ancestors of the two Holloway worship a number of gods, when the brothers will be dedicated to separate gods are also dedicated. After migrating from Liancheng County to Ho's home, the Ho family worshipped the Dragon King as a local deity and built a temple to pray for good weather.
He Luo family main production of wheat, peas, potatoes, but also cultivated barley, rape, oats. Wheat is said to be particularly suitable for noodle processing and was popular in Yongdeng County at the beginning of the liberation.
He Luojia He Luo, Guanzhuang and Xiachuan three clubs.After the He Luo clan moved to He Luo's house, Lu Tusi settled in today's He Luo Society, commonly known as "Da Zhuangzi".As the population increased, the settlements became scattered, and later there were people living in both yin and yang in the Xiachuan area.
“Da Zhuangzi”, also known as the Ho Lo Society, is the birthplace of the Ho Lo family. It is the largest and most densely populated area of the Ho Lo family, with about one hundred and thirty households. Most of the people in the He family and in the Luo family live in the “Big Zhuangzi”, but there are also people in the He family with miscellaneous surnames such as the second, third and Lei, Jia and so on.
The official Zhuangzi of the He Luo family, like the official Zhuangzi of Dayou, was originally a place where Lu Tusi collected land rent, managed the local people, and trained the native soldiers, and did not allow the common people to live in their homes, and there was a He Luo hometown to train and the Polo Army.After the establishment of the Republic of China government, "the land was transformed and returned to the river", and in 1928, the tusi system, which had lasted for hundreds of years, came to an end, and the official Zhuangzi no longer had the majesty.Among the people of the He family, there are those who married their daughters to the Cui family in the Punbula Gorge, there are many people and few people in the stone gorge, and the He Luo family has more land, and the He family's mother's family invited their daughter and son-in-law back to live in the He Luo family.The Cui family of the He Luo family was the first family to build a house in Guan Zhuangzi, and then when the He Luo family brothers separated, some people built houses in Guan Zhuangzi, and some people built houses in a place called "Bafeng" slightly north of Guan Zhuangzi, and now they are connected with Guan Zhuangzi.In a few decades, Guan Zhuangzi moved into hundreds of households, so there was a Guanzhuang Society.According to the latest statistics, there are a total of 150 households in Guan Zhuangzi and Bafeng.
The Xiachuan River of the He Luo family is composed of three parts: Yin, Yang and Silengou.Yin Yi is in the east of the river, Yang Yi is in the west of the river, and Silenggou is in the southeast.At first, there were two bedrooms and one family in Yinqi, and the brothers had two yards, one on the top and one on the bottom.The vein of the second house is prosperous, and the descendants have developed to dozens of households, still maintaining the pattern of "upper yard" and descendants living on the upper (north) and "lower yard" after living lower (south).Moreover, the small natural village of Yinqi has never had a distant He family or people with mixed surnames in the past, and only in recent years has a family with mixed surnames lived in through the transfer of courtyards.
Yang Yi originally lived in two families with three rooms and one lineage.The yard of one of them is a large Zhuangkuo, so it is called "Zhuangkuo people".There were five of their old brothers, each with descendants, and the tree branched out and now grew into more than a dozen households.There are also several families with the surnames Huo and Ren who moved from Tiebazhuang, a little south of He Luo's family.There are also three families of brothers surnamed Wang, one family surnamed Yang, and one family surnamed Xue.
Silinggou originally lived in a large family surnamed Zhang, the slope of the Silinggou are his family. After the liberation of Zhang's house was divided to several families of outsiders, so the SILENGGOU gradually increased the number of households, now reached nine, of which two families surnamed he.
In his hometown He Luo's family, the two surnames of He Luo are dominant, and other surnames include Cui, Ran, Jia, Lei, Li, Yang, Huo, Ren, Bao, Xue, Liu, Xu, Wu and so on.Most of the other miscellaneous surnames are relatives of the He Jialuo family, some have come from the family, the married girl has come to her mother's family, and some have been resettled by the government after liberation.So many people with mixed surnames can stay in He Luo's house, thanks to the fact that He Luo's family has more land.Thanks to the blessing of the ancestors, the He Luo family not only occupied the flat land from Tieba to Cross Road, but also occupied the hillside land such as Hejiagou, Dagou, Xiaogou, Silinggou, and Seedjiagou.The per capita cultivated land is about five acres.In 1958, under the auspices of the production brigade, the He Luo family allocated part of the land to the Tieba She, which had less land, and now the cultivated land of the Tieba Society and the cultivated land of the Xiachuan Society of the He Luo's family are intertwined, leaving a deep trace of the people's commune.Daling, west of He Luo's house, also burned the land in 1958 to reclaim thousands of acres of land, and when the Minle Commune allocated land, both He Luo and Xiachuan gave up the Daling land, and the Minle Commune allocated this part of the land to the Budong Brigade, which had little arable land, and became an "enclave" of the Budong Brigade.When the Budong Brigade cultivated these lands, the members usually lived temporarily on the ridge, bringing only grain and no grass after harvesting the crops.
The He Luo family has a strong spirit in their bones, and has advocated unity and mutual assistance and helping the weak and suppressing the strong since ancient times.There is a saying that has been passed down from generation to generation in the folk music area: "Balingtou is not poor, and the He Luo family is not instigated.""When the poor people come to He Luo's house, they ask for something to eat and drink, and they will not be left without help.And when the rich children come to He Luo's house, they need to restrain themselves.The old people said that the rich people in the old society who rode tall horses, when they beat He Luo's house to pass by, in order to avoid causing trouble, most of them would dismount and lead the way.
The Big Branch of the Ho family had three houses, and there were smaller branches from the three houses down. From the ancestors, conventions had become a way of substituting for each other, such as home location, real estate features, and professional positions. There are“Slope”, “Shop people”, “Big garden”, “Lane mouth people”, “On the yard”, “Under the yard”, “Chuang Kuo people” and other branches.
He Luo's family is a great spirit. After migrating from Liancheng Shuimogou to He Luo's house during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty, the second house of the He family once produced two brothers with the same Chinese and Wujuren.In the late Qing Dynasty, Luo produced Luo Zhongxiu, a talent who had both calligraphy and painting, especially eagle painting.It is said that he painted a "living" eagle, and his eagle hung in the room, and the chicken did not dare to enter the room; Grab a chicken and put it in the house, the chicken will panic and nervous, croaking non-stop.His calligraphy and paintings of flowers and birds are widely collected by the folk and are also very popular in the collection market.After the founding of New China, the He Luo family withdrew the temple to build a school, and built He Luo Primary School in Miaoertan, benefiting from the conditions of He Luo Primary School at the doorstep, the He Luo family had a low illiteracy rate.Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, more than 100 college and secondary school students have come out of He Luo's family, and many leading cadres and senior technical personnel have also been produced.
High-quality limestone deposits are a gift from heaven to the hollows. The western part of the mountain is near the Tai Leng River. Tai Leng is more than 300 metres higher than the western part of the mountain. Apart from a small amount of earth covering the surface, the whole mountain is made of high-quality limestone. Official sources say there are 200 million tons of high-quality limestone in Minle Township, most of which is in he Luo's home. In the 1960s and 1970s, he luo primary school had a small lime kiln, which was the first lime kiln of He Luo's family. At that time, after school, the school teacher took us primary school students to the Zhongjia Gully in Guanzhuang to pick up limestone. The limestone that we picked up was smashed into small pieces by the female members of the three production teams sent by the He Luo family. Layer by layer, the coal bricks were filled into the kiln, a fire was lit at the bottom of the kiln, and after ten and a half days, when the coal bricks in the kiln were finished, so was the lime. From the kiln out, pile in the campus, the surrounding units, production teams, individuals need whitewash walls, repair houses, to buy Horuo Primary School. The school sells the white ash to earn the money to make office expenses, so he luo home baby goes to the elementary school does not have to pay the tuition fee and the textbook expense. This small measure, so that many poor children can at least finish primary school, no longer be illiterate.
Along with the economic development, the pollution level of He Luo family is becoming more and more serious, and it has become an ecological disaster area for a time. Huge lorries roared past, churning up dust; black smoke from lime kilns lingered over mountain streams; and slag and ash littered empty spaces and riverbeds.
More than ten years ago, the state vigorously controlled pollution, all lime clay kilns were closed, and the hometown of Ho Luo's family lost its former boiling scene.Disappearing along with the lime kilns is both the bustle of traffic and the hustle and bustle of people.There are fewer outsiders, and the young people in Honzhuang either go to other places to work, or go to the city to study with their children, and there is only a white-haired old man left in Zhuangzi.When I returned to my hometown and walked slowly in the streets and alleys of Ho Luo's hometown, although I could personally feel that the ecology of my Ho Luo's hometown had improved, I couldn't help but feel a little sad, a little dazed, and a little emotion.As the so-called Chengye mine, defeat also mine! It was the water and soil of the He Luo family that benefited the He Luo family, and it was the water and soil of the He Luo family that forced the He Luo family away.
I have thought about the question many times, can the He Luo family regain its glory? I think it should, after all, there is the quality and quantity of limestone placed there.I used to talk to my childhood friends again and again about the closure of the kiln, which was the trend of the times, the desire of people, there was no need to be sad, there was no need to hesitate.I often think that the He Luo family is either a family whose blood is thicker than water, or a relative who breaks bones and tendons, and everyone takes out the money earned from opening an earthen kiln, builds nests and phoenixes, invests in shares and builds factories, establishes modern lime enterprises, not only as shareholders pay dividends, but also work in the house, so that the land is not deserted, the old people are taken care of, and the income has increased, how good it should be!
I am a Ho Luo family born and raised in Sri Lanka, a wanderer who has been wandering for many years, and I love my hometown deeply.This article is only superficial.In five years, I will retire, and then I will have more time to return to my hometown and dig deeper into the history of the He Luo family! May my Ho Luo family become more and more beautiful!
Spring Festival 2023 in Haishiwan