This article aims to provide an overview of the history of design, from ancient to modern, and the socio-cultural changes that have influenced design.The development history of design can be traced back to ancient times, from ancient Egypt in Africa to ancient Rome in Europe, and ancient civilization in China, in each civilization, there is a deep design culture.With the development of society and culture, design has developed from ancient religious art to modern commercial art, becoming a unique discipline.This article will discuss important events in the history of design, as well as the most important contributors to design, and their influence on modern design concepts.
Keywords: design history, design culture, contributors, modern design concept
The history of design can be traced back to ancient times, from ancient Egypt in Africa to ancient Rome in Europe, as well as ancient civilizations in China, in each culture, there is a deep design culture. With the development of social culture, design from ancient religious art to modern commercial art has become a unique discipline. This article will discuss the important events in the history of design, and the most important contributors in design, and their impact on modern design concepts.
Ancient designs include ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, China, and other ancient civilizations.The design style of ancient Egypt was dominated by religious art, the most famous of which were the pyramids and the Great Pyramids, with geometric shapes and elaborate decorations, an important feature of ancient Egyptian civilization.The design style of ancient Greece is dominated by sculpture, the most famous of which is the sculpture of Athens, which expresses mythological stories in the form of the human body, which is an important feature of ancient Greek civilization.The design style of ancient Rome is dominated by architecture, the most famous of which is the Roman column architecture, based on geometric shapes, which was an important feature of ancient Roman civilization.China's design style is dominated by nature, the most famous of which is the landscape painting of the Song Dynasty, which uses landscape as a theme and is an important feature of Chinese civilization.
3. Modern design
Modern design has developed since the 18th century, when the design style was mainly industrial design and commercial design, and designers began to explore new design methods to better meet the needs of customers.This period saw the emergence of many important design contributors such as Peter Behrens (1868-1940), a pioneer of modern architecture and industrial design in Germany.From 1886 to 1891 he received his artistic education at the Hamburg School of Arts and Crafts before studying architecture.He became a member of the Munich Secession in 1893, joined the "Group of Seven" composed of artists, architects and designers in 1900 and began architectural design activities, became the promoter and leader of the German Manufacturing Union in 1907, and in the same year was hired as an art consultant for AEG of the German General Electric Company to begin his career as an industrial designer.
格罗披乌斯（Walter Gropius, 1883-1969），格罗披乌斯出生于柏林的一个建筑师家庭，青年时代曾在柏林和慕尼黑学习建筑。1907年起在贝伦斯的事务所工作，1910年与迈耶合伙在柏林开设建筑事务所，并于次年合作设计了采用大片玻璃幕墙和转角窗的法古斯工厂。1919年，格罗披乌斯在德国魏玛创建了建国立建筑学校，简称"包豪斯"，其目的是培养新型设计人才。学校重视基础训练，逐渐形成以平面构成、立体构成和色彩构成为特色的基础课程。学校主张艺术与技术的统一；动手能力与理论素养并重；强调设计的目的是人而不是产品；提倡在掌握手工艺的同时，了解现代工业的特点并遵循自然与客观的法则来进行设计。格罗披乌斯是二十世纪最重要的设计师，设计理论家和设计教育的奠基人，他对二十世纪现代设计的影响是难以估计的。还有其他许多著名设计师，他们的作品对设计的发展产生了重大影响。
Modern Design aims to provide customers with better solutions and introduce new design concepts, such as user experience design, visual design, interaction design, etc.Modern design also borrows the virtues of ancient design, such as geometric shapes, color combinations, and decorative elements to create a unique visual effect.Modern design also draws on the advantages of modern design, such as the use of technology to improve the performance of products and better meet customer needs.
The history of design can be traced back to ancient times. With the development of social culture, design has become a unique discipline from ancient religious art to modern commercial art. The important events and contributors in the history of design, as well as their influence on the concept of modern design, have made a positive contribution to modern design.