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China lost the war with France? Li Hongzhang: that's not how it works. A contract is a stop loss

2022-09-16 07:04:37


The Huai Army of Li Hongzhang rose quickly. At the time of its formation, there were only four battalions, “Shu, Ming, Ding and Qing”. With the help of uncle Shi Zeng Guofan, in April 1862, li Big Talent put together 13 battalions, more than 9000 troops (originally to ten battalions, but“Open” word camp was retained by the Xiang Army-RRB- .



The result of the Sino-French war was that China was undefeated and defeated, and France was victorious without victory, which was for the two countries as a whole, but this was not the case at all in li Hongzhang's eyes.For Li Hongzhang, the most important role of signing a contract is to stop the loss, because in the Sino-French War, the Huai Army Group has lost three main forces and has reached the point where it cannot afford to lose.



The Huai Army of Li Hongzhang rose quickly. At the time of its formation, there were only four battalions, "Shu, Ming, Ding and Qing". With the help of uncle Shi Zeng Guofan, in April 1862, li Big Talent put together 13 battalions, more than 9000 troops (originally to ten battalions, but"Open" word camp was retained by the Xiang Army-RRB- . By 1863, the Huai Army had grown to 39,000 men in 79 battalions, and by 1864 it had grown to 78,000 men in 145 battalions. After the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, most of the Xiang Army was abolished, and the Zeng Guofan Brothers' 50,000-member Army was reduced to 6,000. But the Huai Army has only reduced more than 8,000 troops, and still has a huge force of more than 70,000. Zeng Guofan was the only one who had less than 10,000 troops under his command. He had more than 36,000 huai troops under his command. Huai Jun on the surface of respect for the deep roots of old Commander Zeng, but secretly has been under the thumb of Li Hongzhang, Zeng Guofan Li Hongzhang's sixth brother Li Zhaoqing pushed out of all not work. Li Hongzhang also usurped the Huai Army to destroy the Nien Commander's position, Huai Army is therefore regarded by Li Hongzhang as the family's biggest support.



However, in the Sino-French War, the main force of the Huai Army suffered one blow after another, which can be said to be unfavorable for many years.The five main forces of the late Huai Army were Pan Dingxin's "Ding" army, Liu Mingchuan's "Ming" army, Wu Changqing's "Qing" army, Zhou Shengbo's "Sheng" army, and Li Hongzhang's personally commanded Wu Yi army (directly commanded by Guo Songlin).Zhang Shusheng served as the governor of Zhili, and was also the lord of Liu Mingchuan and others, and his subordinates were also the "double Chinese red sticks" of the Huai Army in the early years.Therefore, in the case that Li Hongzhang's concubines did not go to war, Zhang Shusheng's "tree" army could also serve as the main force of the Huai army.



When the sino-french War broke out, Li Hongzhang asked Zhang Shusheng to replace him as governor of Guangdong and Guangxi because of the death of his mother. The Secretary of State of the Army at that time was Peng Yulin, who had fought with Li Hongzhang. The Xiang and Huai armies had always been at odds. Naturally, Zhang Shusheng also distrusted Peng Shangshu's plans, and the two sides continued to stand up to the bull. Although Zhang Shusheng was the commander-in-chief of the front line, he still had a large number of troops from the Hunan Army under his command, as well as Cen Chunxuan, the governor of Yungui. Zhang Shusheng's most effective army under the governor-general of Guangdong and Guangxi was Feng Zicai's “Cui Army”, but Zhang Shusheng had repeatedly sidelined Feng, so he refused to take part in the war. Zhang Shusheng, who had concentrated 20,000 men, was overrun by the French and lost the Battle of Bac Ninh in April 1884. Zhang Shusheng had to resign and died the same year. Due to the private nature of the Huai Army, this Huai Army is also equivalent to the loss of combat effectiveness (other commanders simply can not move) .




清廷又把潘鼎新从湖南巡抚改为广西巡抚,让他继续到他遥控前线的潘鼎新,要求老潘作战“切勿攻坚伤精锐”。老潘只能派出小规模部队袭扰、牵制船头方向的法军,坐看桂军被击败。在法军进攻谅山时,他也很好汉地撤退了。老潘在冯子才出战后,还算给力。他帮助冯子才守住了镇南关,并反攻到了谅山,取得了大胜。收复谅山之战,老潘打得很积极,但也让李大人赔得肉疼。



And although Liu Mingchuan's “Ming” Army won in Taiwan, it seemed to Lord Li that this was a separation. Therefore, despite the Chinese army's success in the counter-offensive, but Lord Li was distressed about their own bottom line, single-minded demand for peace.


This article is the original manuscript of the Cold Weapons Research Institute and the signed author of the cold weapons research institute.The editor-in-chief and author Li Congjia shall not be reproduced by any media or public account without written authorization, and the offender will be investigated for legal responsibility.