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Sprinting 5 trillion, Beijing aims at this track | Xinjing Think Tank

2022-09-16 06:54:47


北京市政协委员孙陶然就曾表示,抢占元宇宙及相关产业发展先机,将为北京加速建设全球数字经济标杆城市和国际消费中心城市注入新活力,也将推动北京在新一轮技术创新和产业升级中走在前列。



在未来经济总量冲刺5万亿的背景下,元宇宙成了北京抢占技术和产业发展制高点的一步“先手棋”。
▲7月6日,“我的元宇宙主场·工体元宇宙GTVerse发布会”在北京举行,北京国安数字人GLEO是一只可爱的小狮子。图/IC photo


wen | 查志远


Beijing is once again targeting the metacosm.


On July 8, at the press conference of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, Mu Peng, secretary of the party group and director of the Beijing Municipal Development and Reform Commission, introduced that Beijing will take the lead in exploring an effective path to build a new development pattern, strive to achieve the total economic volume to exceed the 5 trillion mark, and make economic development better serve the strategic positioning of the capital city.At the same time, it is also proposed to adhere to innovation leadership, vigorously develop the digital economy, and promote urban science and technology projects such as meta-universe.


It should be pointed out that this is not the first time that Beijing has proposed to develop a metacosm.During the "two sessions" in Beijing at the beginning of the year, the relevant person in charge of the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Economy and Information Technology revealed that Beijing will start the construction of the urban super computing power center, promote the formation of a new innovation consortium of the meta-universe, and explore the construction of a meta-universe industrial agglomeration area.


随后,北京城市副中心率先入局元宇宙。相继出台了包含“元宇宙相关政策”在内的一系列产业生态扶持发展政策。


In the context of the future economic sprint of 5 trillion yuan, the metacosm has become a step "first move" for Beijing to seize the commanding heights of technology and industrial development.


1

One

数字经济制高点


什么是元宇宙,元宇宙能带来哪些变化?


The concept of "metaverse" began in 1992 with the science fiction novel "Avalanche" by American science fiction writer Neil Stephenson, and the "oasis" in the 2018 American science fiction film "Ready Player One" is widely considered to be the prototype of the metaverse.


And 2021 is also known as the meta-universe first year.Since last year, domestic and foreign Internet companies have begun to accelerate the layout of the meta-universe track, first the meta-universe's first stock Roblox was listed on the New York Stock Exchange in the United States, with a market value of more than $38 billion on the first day.Subsequently, Facebook announced that it would transform into a meta-universe company within five years and officially changed its name to Meta.


元宇宙在国内也是热度不减,企业查询平台的数据显示,截至去年年末,国内含“元宇宙”的商标申请总量近6400条,近1000家公司参与申请。


作为多种颠覆性技术创新的融合,元宇宙除了引起互联网企业和资本市场的关注外,也成了政府未来产业布局的重点。


今年1月,工信部在支持中小企业发展的新闻发布会上就曾提及“元宇宙”,表示将培育一批进军元宇宙、区块链、人工智能等新兴领域的创新型中小企业。


作为政府支持发展的新兴产业,元宇宙究竟代表着什么?


根据相关学者的研究,元宇宙是吸纳了信息革命、互联网革命和人工智能革命在内的虚拟现实技术革命的成果,丰富了数字经济转型模式。


This is also the deep-seated logic of the government's increasing support for the construction of the Yuan universe.


As an important city of science and technology innovation, Beijing has a strong advantage of science and technology and industry in the development of the yuan-universe. Not only have the high-tech enterprises in the field of segmentation to provide the bottom-level technical support, there are also a new generation of information technology industry, science and technology services, artificial intelligence, medical health, intelligent equipment, energy conservation and environmental protection industry cluster of two trillion-level and other rich application scenarios.


进入2022年,元宇宙概念热度依旧不减。有分析认为,元宇宙有可能是下一代互联网,是数字经济的下一个高地。尽管不乏质疑之声,元宇宙仍然被广泛认为是代表了前沿数字科技,是点燃数字经济的新引擎。


目前,全球数字经济竞争日趋激烈,中国数字经济的全球竞争力面临挑战。根据人民政协网报道,中国数字经济的增速已从2018年的21%下降至2020年的9.6%,增速虽然仍位居全球第一,但放缓趋势明显。


北京的数字经济一直走在全国前列。


The report noted that Beijing's digital economy has been at the top of the country's development since the“National big data strategy” was put forward in 2015. According to the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, the 2021 value-added of the city's digital economy has reached 1.6 trillion yuan.


因此,北京在此时积极布局元宇宙,无疑能在未来数字经济的发展中掌握主动权,继续引领中国数字经济的发展。


Sun Taoran, a member of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, once said that seizing the opportunity for the development of meta-universe and related industries will inject new vitality into Beijing's accelerated construction of a global digital economy benchmark city and an international consumption center city, and will also promote Beijing to be at the forefront of the new round of technological innovation and industrial upgrading.


On April 8, the Third Tax Bureau of Beijing Municipal Taxation Bureau conducted a tax-enterprise interview based on the“Yuan-universe” platform-“Xiyang”, which created a precedent in the national tax system. Photo/Beijing News Infographic


2

The city sub-center took the lead in entering the game


城市竞争力的提升很大程度上取决于先导产业,在探索建设元宇宙产业聚集区方面,北京的一些基础布局已经展开。


In January this year, the city's deputy center released its “Eight measures for accelerating the yuan-universe innovation-led development of the city's deputy center,” which will rely on Tongzhou's industry guidance fund, we will use the“Parent fund + direct investment” approach to join other social capital to create a fund covering the yuan-universe industry, support yuan-universe start-up projects and major projects, improve the service system, and support industrial ecological construction, support the establishment of a metasomatic sub-fund focused on early and long-term investments.


值得关注的是,此次“元宇宙八条”最大的亮点在于为元宇宙与文化艺术的融合创新发展奠定了基础。


In the content design, highlight the yuan-universe and cultural tourism characteristics of the integration of development. In the industrial space, planning“1 innovation center N characteristic theme park” the meta-universe industrial space layout. In the application scene, aiming at the field of digital empowerment, culture and technology integration, “To create a real number of integration of the new scene of tourism,” to provide enterprises with technology to create space for display.


In June, the country's first meta-universe digital art industrial park, the Dashu Meta-universe Digital Art Zone, was unveiled in the Beijing City Sub-Center.


据了解,大稿国际艺术区将致力于打造元宇宙数字艺术创作研发、体验等产业的聚集示范区。


北京其他地方也在积极布局元宇宙。以经开区为例,即将到来的2022年服贸会期间,由北京市经信局牵头,北京经开区管委会全资国有企业尚亦城集团联合多家头部企业,共同打造的元宇宙馆将正式亮相。该元宇宙馆也将是服贸会期间唯一一个产业专题展区,同时也是服贸会首次设立的元宇宙和互联网3.0前沿技术综合展区。


正如上文所说,各地区布局元宇宙相关产业,对全面推进数字化转型升级、发展数字经济具有重大意义。


For Beijing Economic Development Zone, as Beijing's high-precision industry development“A trump card”, the layout of the yuan-universe greater significance is to promote the integration of digital economy and physical manufacturing.


Public information shows that the overall level of intelligent manufacturing in the Beijing Economic Development Zone is high, the industrial carrying capacity is strong, and the digitalization and intelligence level of the manufacturing industry have always been at the forefront of Beijing.Among the 285 national standards for intelligent manufacturing that have been released in China, enterprises in Beijing Economic Development Zone have contributed more than one-third, becoming the main force in the formulation of intelligent manufacturing standards in China.


In 2021, the total industrial output value of Beijing Economic Development Zone will exceed the mark of 500 billion yuan, ranking first in the city, and the new generation of information technology industry will become the fourth 100 billion industrial cluster.


▲ On June 15, visitors experienced real-time stereoscopic cartoon face-changing technology at the Meta-Universe Expo held in Seoul, South Korea.Photo: Xinhua News Agency


3


The Yuan universe race track competes fiercely


The metaverse is fiercely competitive, and the global competition for this track has quietly begun.


Some analysts believe that in the next 5 to 10 years, with the further maturity of related technologies and the continuous deepening of the concept of metaversity, the metacosmonic industry will enter a mature period.According to PwC data, the meta-universe market size is expected to reach $1.5 trillion in 2030.


In the context of the meta-universe heat, from a global perspective, the meta-universe layout in addition to the United States and China to occupy a dominant position, Japan and South Korea are also actively following.


中国互联网协会理事长尚冰曾表示,随着全球数字经济的快速发展,美、韩、日等国都在积极布局元宇宙。我国在数字经济领域取得的成绩,为布局元宇宙创造了较好的基础。


In July 2021, Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry released the "Survey Report on the Future Possibilities and Challenges of the Virtual Space Industry", which summarizes the urgent problems that need to be solved in the Japanese virtual space industry in order to dominate the global virtual space industry.In the 2022 budget, the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Korea also plans to spend $20 million to develop the meta-universe platform, and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Information and Communications of the Republic of Korea initiated the establishment of the "Meta-Universe Alliance".


International competition for the Meta-Cosmic City is also fierce.In November last year, Seoul, South Korea, announced the world's first comprehensive medium- and long-term metacosmological policy issued by a local government, the Metacosm Seoul Five-Year Plan.


该项政策计划从今年起在经济、教育、旅游、通信、城市、行政和基础设施7个领域打造元宇宙行政服务生态,将涉及市民生活的方方面面都纳入元宇宙环境之中。


According to the plan, Seoul's metacospheric ecology is mainly divided into three stages, which are the introduction stage (2022), the expansion stage (2023 to 2024), and the solution stage (2025 to 2026).


In addition to Seoul, South Korea, which is making every effort to build a meta-universe city, some cities in China are also actively seizing the opportunity for the development of the meta-universe.


例如,去年合肥《政府工作报告》指出,未来五年,合肥将前瞻布局未来产业,瞄准元宇宙、超导技术、精准医疗等前沿领域,打造一批领航企业、尖端技术、高端产品,用未来产业赢得城市未来。


在发展元宇宙上,除数字经济规模独领风骚外,科创实力和相关产业基础方面,北京的优势都要明显高出一筹。


In the "International Science and Technology Innovation Center Index 2021" released by Tsinghua University and related institutions, Beijing ranks fourth in the ranking of innovation capabilities in 50 cities (metropolitan areas) in the world.


随着新一轮科技革命和产业变革深入发展,数字经济成为未来全球经济增长的新引擎的背景下,各地发力元宇宙将是可预计的选择。


不过,从目前的发展来看,元宇宙产业还处于发展初期,距离大规模产品化还需时日。除此之外,元宇宙产业也具有新兴产业的不成熟、不稳定等特征。


As pointed out in "Deep Attention to How the Metacosmitis Rewrites Human Social Life" published on the website of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission, it is necessary to rationally look at the new round of technological revolution and impact on society brought about by the metacosm, and not underestimate the opportunities of 5-10 years, nor overestimate the evolution and changes in 1-2 years.


撰稿|新京智库研究员 查志远

编辑| 李潇潇

校对|赵琳

实习生|史笑妍

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