The Mid-Autumn Festival is a long-standing festival in China, and it is also a folk festival full of humanistic feelings, which occupies an extremely important position in China's traditional festivals.In addition to the Spring Festival, the Mid-Autumn Festival is the most "reunion" meaning of the traditional festival, in China's Mid-Autumn Festival there are moon viewing, viewing laurel, eating moon cakes, watching the tide, playing with flower lanterns and other customs.The Mid-Autumn Festival originated from the idea of "moon festival" since ancient times, is the product of primitive thinking, since the Zhou Dynasty in China gradually changed to respect for nature, also known as the festival of the moon, the birth of the moon, the moon, the autumn festival, the mid-autumn festival, the moon worship festival, the moon festival, the moon festival, the moon festival, the reunion festival and so on.In addition to official ceremonies, folk Mid-Autumn Festival activities are mostly related to folk beliefs and myths and legends, especially in modern times, the Mid-Autumn Festival as a reunion festival and the myths and legends of "Chang'e Running Moon" have become inseparable.However, the Mid-Autumn Festival did not have the color of "reunion" at the beginning of its appearance, but only through the development of politics and economy and the transformation of humanistic thought did it have the humanistic significance of today.After the tang and Song poets' pen and ink polishing, the image of "Chang'e" changed from a negative role of stealing medicine to a wife forced to be separated from her husband, and this change also greatly increased the "reunion" feelings of the Mid-Autumn Festival, making the Mid-Autumn Festival a reunion festival for Chinese people at home and abroad.
The origins of the Mid-Autumn Festival – from nature worship to independent festivals
For the term "Mid-Autumn Festival", it was first seen in the "Zhou Li", and the "Li Ji Yue Ling" recorded that "the mid-autumn moon nourishes the elderly and eats porridge".For the formation of the Mid-Autumn Festival, it can basically be traced back to the worship of the moon and the "moon sacrifice" ceremony of the ancients in the pre-Qin period, the "moon sacrifice in the Zhou Dynasty", and the moon god in the Spring and Autumn Warring States period was also known as the "Queen Mother of the West".During the Qin and Han dynasties, this ritual was still one of the important royal institutions, and subsequently the Northern Wei, Sui, Tang and even The Ming and Qing dynasties all had ceremonies at the autumn equinox.Similarly, the moon festival is not only a worship of nature, but also closely related to the harvest festival in an agrarian society.
Since the beginning of the Han Dynasty, in addition to the official attention to the "moon", liu an of the Western Han Dynasty has in the "HuainanZi" has the "Chang'e Running Moon" and "Wu Gang Fa Gui", two folk legends that are closely related to the Mid-Autumn Festival in later generations.During the Wei and Jin dynasties, under the influence of political economy and culture, the literati and scholars gradually increased their moon-viewing drinking and recording of moon chants, but at this time, the time of moon appreciation did not have the specific node of "August 15th", and "Mid-Autumn Festival" was not a festival in the modern sense, but represented the second month of autumn, that is, "Mid-autumn", which was also used in poetry to mean "autumn is more than halfway".
The custom of appreciating the moon in the Wei and Jin Dynasties became more and more prosperous in the Tang Dynasty, and the worship and appreciation of the "moon" by the literati class of the Tang Dynasty was reflected in many poems.For the specific origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival, it basically began in the Tang Dynasty, mainly because it is believed that there are many poems in the Mid-Autumn Festival of the Tang Dynasty, so the Tang Dynasty literati have regarded August 15 as an independent date with certain significance.
Chang'e's "change" - the re-creation of the literati and inkers
Source: Nanjing Daily