The "algorithm warfare" with intelligent algorithms as the main basis will be the general trend of future wars, and new superhuman combat capabilities can be formed by integrating artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning, autonomous technology, pattern recognition, computer vision technology, etc. into weapons and equipment, combat platforms, and logistics support systems.
The law of the historical development of war tells people that all war phenomena are related to the military technology at that time and the weapons and equipment developed on this basis, and develop with the progress of military technology and weapons and equipment.The development of weapons and equipment will inevitably lead to changes in the nature of contract combat, and its nature and level determine the process and effect of the development of contract combat in practice.In the entire history of the development of contract combat, the technical level of weapons and equipment has been improved step by step, and the accumulation of stages has formed a new military technology group, which in turn has triggered tactical changes.
Intelligent algorithms are a series of instructions expressed through computer programs or code, effectively implemented by building systems, and capable of operating in a variety of actions.The initial integration of intelligent algorithms and weapons and equipment has spawned the prototype of intelligent warfare, which will further promote the development of army contract tactics.
Intelligent algorithms greatly enhance combat capabilities
In the future, the battlefield will be cross-domain, networked, non-linear and so on. The requirements for command, decision-making, action and coordination are very high in the types of factors, the scope of space-time, and the rhythm of action, the traditional mode of combat based on human brain and organism can not adapt to it.
In the future, the battlefield of "algorithm warfare" will surely be a combination of wisdom and strength, and the embodiment of intelligence and justice.
"Wisdom" will become the primary determinant of war victory or defeat beyond firepower and information power, and in future cross-domain operations, the effectiveness of "wisdom" will far exceed the role of concentrated firepower or force.
Intelligent algorithms greatly accelerate operational decision-making
By integrating advanced intelligent algorithms into the weapon platform, it realizes the efficient detection, classification and early warning calculation of massive pictures, sounds and videos, etc., efficiently forms high-quality, high-volume and high-accuracy military intelligence, and further processes through machine learning, deep learning and visual algorithms to achieve the purpose of efficiently assisting military decision-making.
The first early case of "algorithm warfare" was the use of algorithms to intelligently process a large amount of UAV video information in the combat mission of the US military against the "Islamic State" to provide technical support for combat operations.At the beginning of December 2017, the US "Expert Program" project realized the initial deployment of the algorithm battlefield, focusing on the millions of hours of video images from the "Scan Eagle", MQ-9 "Death" and other unmanned aerial vehicle reconnaissance, independently identifying targets, the recognition accuracy rate has reached 80%, and the developed algorithm has been deployed in 5 to 6 locations of the US Africa Command and Central Command.
(2) The growth rate of the OODA loop and the shortening of the combat cycle
In the construction process of the "algorithm warfare" data autonomous analysis system, through the use of different data types and the use of standardized analysis algorithms required by the application, the OODA loop time can be shortened, the data bandwidth can be reduced, the efficiency of data processing and data mining can be effectively improved, the purpose of eliminating the uncertainty of battlefield situational awareness can be achieved, and it plays a role in key operational fields such as intelligent decision-making, command coordination, intelligence analysis, electromagnetic network attack and defense, and combat method verification.
With an efficient OODA ring, you can more autonomously, quickly, and irregularly implement observation, judgment, decision-making, and action, strive for the initiative, maintain an advantage, surprise, quickly seize the enemy's exposed weaknesses, and directly "kill" the enemy.
In terms of command and control, efficient algorithms will shorten the combat cycle, realize task replanning, accelerate the pace of operations, and enhance operational flexibility.With the help of artificial intelligence technology and algorithm development software, the "Algorithm Warfare Cross-Functional Group" of the United States improves the efficiency of ODO in the initial stage and has a good effect of shortening the combat cycle.
(3) Deep learning integration, independent decision-making and efficiency
Algorithms are at the heart of artificial intelligence, accusation systems, and wargame deductions, and are key to accelerating intelligent command, coordination, and decision-making.
Intelligent algorithms such as machine learning, transfer learning, and deep learning can improve the autonomous cognitive ability of battlefield situations and assist decision makers to quickly locate, identify, and judge the degree of threats.With the help of algorithms such as deep learning, the future "algorithm warfare" combat platform will be both proficient in computing and good at "calculation", and the ability to operate autonomously and make decisions will be greatly improved.The outstanding performance of "Alpha Dog" in the human-machine war is a prominent case of deep learning algorithms.The development project of the computer chip True North jointly developed by multiple departments in the United States adopts deep neural network technology that simulates the information processing mechanism of human brain neurons, and the image recognition and comprehensive sensory processing capabilities are greatly improved.
Swarm operations, also known as "swarm-type" operations, or "cloud attacks," are operations in which an intelligent unmanned combat platform is used as the basic combat unit and artificial intelligence technology with algorithms as the core as the support to carry out "saturated" strikes against the same target of the enemy.
The cluster combat system highlights the formation of efficient combat strength by replacing "quantity" with "quality", offsets the disadvantage of low combat effectiveness of individual combat units with quantitative superiority, and improves the system generation ability and the comprehensive group strike capability.
With the development of algorithm-supported artificial intelligence technology and the continuous maturity of operational concepts, the future battlefield will be filled with a surprising number of highly dispersed, coordinated combat "clusters", under the coordinated command of intelligent systems, combat units are sometimes scattered and concealed, and sometimes aggregated to launch centripetal attacks.During World War II, the German submarine "wolf pack tactic" fully embodied the tactical idea of dynamic energy concentration and precise energy release, and the "swarms" dispersed after destroying the target, waiting for the next aggregate attack.
(2) Mothership-type operations based on batch parallel attacks
Mothership combat is a combat method in which after the mother equipment is carried into an established and systematic unmanned combat platform enters the combat area, and each unmanned combat platform is based on the target set or temporarily designated before the war, or the nest is dispatched or partially forward, to carry out strike or reconnaissance tasks, and then return to the mother body to withdraw from the battlefield together.The intelligent algorithm provides effective and powerful technical support for the overall control of the sub-platform of the parent equipment, the planning of combat plans, and the implementation of operational coordination.The idea of mothership operations is to seek to completely destroy the enemy's combat system in a large number of parallel attacks.